The Fluid Science Energy Losses in Hydraulic Systems Bends Tray includes experiments to measures the pressure drop across, a smooth bend, a tight bend, a Mitre bend. All the pipe test section are of the same cross section, enabling meaningful comparisons to be made. The additional energy losses due to the geometry of the flow path can be clearly seen at different flow rates and the relationship to theory can be established.

Energy Losses in Bends (FS-1.3)